# Predicate Logic and Popular Culture (Part 28): High School Musical

Let $L(x)$ be the proposition “$x$ is a star in heaven” and let $R(x)$ be the proposition “We can reach $x$

$\lnot \exists x(\lnot R(x))$,

where the domain for $x$ is the stars in heaven.

The clunky way of translating this into English is, “There is not a star in heaven that we cannot reach,” and this double negative appears in the song Breaking Free from High School Musical.

This example gives students a simple practice problem for using De Morgan’s laws to eliminate the double negative:

$\lnot \exists x(\lnot R(x)) \equiv \forall x(\lnot(\lnot R(x))) \equiv \forall x R(x)$,

or “We can reach every star in heaven.”

Context: This semester, I taught discrete mathematics for the first time. Part of the discrete mathematics course includes an introduction to predicate and propositional logic for our math majors. As you can probably guess from their names, students tend to think these concepts are dry and uninteresting even though they’re very important for their development as math majors.

In an effort to making these topics more appealing, I spent a few days mining the depths of popular culture in a (likely futile) attempt to make these ideas more interesting to my students. In this series, I’d like to share what I found. Naturally, the sources that I found have varying levels of complexity, which is appropriate for students who are first learning prepositional and predicate logic.

When I actually presented these in class, I either presented the logical statement and had my class guess the statement in actual English, or I gave my students the famous quote and them translate it into predicate logic. However, for the purposes of this series, I’ll just present the statement in predicate logic first.

## One thought on “Predicate Logic and Popular Culture (Part 28): High School Musical”

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.