In my capstone class for future secondary math teachers, I ask my students to come up with ideas for *engaging* their students with different topics in the secondary mathematics curriculum. In other words, the point of the assignment was not to devise a full-blown lesson plan on this topic. Instead, I asked my students to think about three different ways of getting their students interested in the topic in the first place.

I plan to share some of the best of these ideas on this blog (after asking my students’ permission, of course).

This student submission comes from my former student Tiffany Wilhoit. Her topic, from Precalculus: finding the equation of a circle.

How has this topic appeared in pop culture (movies, TV, current music, video games, etc.)? How has this topic appeared in high culture (art, classical music, theatre, etc.)?

Circles are found everywhere! Everyday, multiple times a day, people come across circles. They are found throughout society. The coins students use to buy sodas are circles. On the news, we hear about crop circles and circular patterns in the fields around the world. One of the first examples of a circle was the wheel. Many logos for large companies involve circles, such as Coca-Cola, Google Chrome, and Target. Even the Roman Coliseum is circular in shape. Since circles are found everywhere, students will be able to identify and be comfortable with the shape (more than say a hexagon). A great way to get the students engaged in the topic of circles would be to have the brainstorm different places they see circles on a normal day. Then have each student pick an example and print or bring a picture of it. Then have the student take their circle (say the Ferris Wheel of the state fair), and place in centered at the origin. The students could then find the equation of their circle. They could do another example where their circle is centered at another point as well. This would allow the students to become more aware of circles around them, and would also allow them some freedom in the assignment.

What interesting things can you say about the people who contributed to the discovery and/or the development of this topic?

Circles have been an interesting topic for humans since the beginning. We see the sun as a circle in the sky. The ancient Greeks even believed the circle was the perfect shape. Ancient civilizations built stone circles such as Stonehenge, and circular structures such as the Coliseum. The circle led to the invention of the wheel and gears, as well. The study of geometry is focused largely around the study of circles. The study of circles led to many inventions and ideas. Euclid studied circles, and compared them to other polygons. He found ways to create circles that could circumscribe and inscribe polygons. This created a problem called “squaring a circle”. Ancient Greeks tried to construct a circle and square with the same area using only a compass and straightedge. The problem was never solved, but in 1882 it was proved impossible. However, people still tried to solve the problem and were called “circle squarers”. This became an insult for people who attempted the impossible. Borromean Rings is another puzzle involving circles. Circles have been a part of civilization from the beginning, and it is amazing how much they are still prevalent today.

How can technology (YouTube, Khan Academy [khanacademy.org], Vi Hart, Geometers Sketchpad, graphing calculators, etc.) be used to effectively engage students with this topic?

The website on www.mathopenref.com/coordgeneralcircle.html is a good site to use when learning to find the equation of a circle. The page contains an applet where the students are able to work with a circle. The circle can be moved so the center is at any point, and the radius can be changed to various sizes. At the top, it shows the equation of the circle shown. This website would allow the students to see how the equation of a circle changes depending on the center and size. This is a good tool to use for the students to explore circles and their equations or to review them before the test. The website also contains some information for the students to read to understand the concept, and there is even an example to try. The website is easy to use, and would not be difficult for students to understand.

Resources:

http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Curves/Circle.html

www.mathopenref.com/coordgeneralcircle.html

https://circlesonly.wordpress.com/category/history-of-circles/