# Different ways of computing a limit (Part 5)

One of my colleagues placed the following problem on an exam for his Calculus II course… $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \infty} \frac{\sqrt{x^2+1}}{x}$

and was impressed by the variety of correct responses that he received. I thought it would be fun to discuss some of the different ways that this limit can be computed.

Method #5. Another geometric approach. The numbers $x$ and $\sqrt{x^2+1}$ can be viewed as two sides of a right triangle with legs $1$ and $x$ and hypotenuse $\sqrt{x^2+1}$. Therefore, the length of the hypotenuse must be larger than the length of one leg but less than the sum of the lengths of the two legs. In other words, $x < \sqrt{x^2+1} < x+1$,

or $1 < \displaystyle \frac{\sqrt{x^2+1}}{x} < \displaystyle 1+\frac{1}{x}$.

Clearly $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \infty} 1 = 1$ and $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \infty} \left( 1 + \frac{1}{x} \right) = 1$. Therefore, by the Sandwich Theorem, we can conclude that $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to \infty} \frac{\sqrt{x^2+1}}{x} = 1$.

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