When I researching for my series of posts on conditional convergence, especially examples related to the constant , the reference *Gamma: Exploring Euler’s Constant* by Julian Havil kept popping up. Finally, I decided to splurge for the book, expecting a decent popular account of this number. After all, I’m a professional mathematician, and I took a graduate level class in analytic number theory. In short, I don’t expect to learn a whole lot when reading a popular science book other than perhaps some new pedagogical insights.

Boy, was I wrong. As I turned every page, it seemed I hit a new factoid that I had not known before.

In this series, I’d like to compile some of my favorites — while giving the book a very high recommendation.

It is well known the harmonic series diverges:

.

This means that, no matter what number you choose, I can find a number so that

.

What I didn’t know (p. 23 of *Gamma*) is that, in 1968, somebody actually figured out the precise number of terms that are needed for the sum on the left hand side to exceed 100. Here’s the answer:

15,092,688,622,113,788,323,693,563,264,538,101,449,859,497.

With one fewer term, the sum is a little less than 100.